For Health Professionals: Professional Journal Articles

Professional Journal Articles

Oral Infections and Cardiovascular Disease

Heart disease is the leading cause of death for men and women in the United States. Every year, 1 in 4 deaths are caused by heart disease. Research has found that there is an association between cardiovascular disease and periodontitis. A recent report in Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism highlights the association between oral infections and cardiovascular disease. Karim El Kholu, Robert J. Genco, Thomas E. Van Dyke. Published April 2015 Read More »

Professional Journal Articles

Cystic Fibrosis Research

Cystic fibrosis, a condition where the lungs become overwhelmed with thickened mucus and causes difficulty breathing and increased incidence of respiratory infection, may now be easier to treat. Researchers from the University of Cambridge have designed “mini-lungs,” which mimic the behavior and function of lungs. By using a fluorescent dye containing chloride, the mini-lungs were tested to see if the chloride would pass through and change the fluorescence (in other words, stop the buildup of mucus). This technique allows researchers to test the mini-lungs with potential new drugs to treat this disease.  Read More »

Professional Journal Articles

Study: Older Adults With Fluoridated Water Keep Teeth Longer

An Irish study has found that community water fluoridation helps adults over 50 retain their natural teeth. The Irish Longitudinal Study on Aging and researchers from of Trinity College Dublin involved 5,000 older adults 50 + and found “those who lived in areas with fluoridated water were more likely to report having all their teeth.”  Read More »

Professional Journal Articles

Geriatric Oral Health and Pneumonia Risk

Aspiration Pneumonia- the most common infection of seniors residing in nursing homes, is often overlooked. Researcher Margaret Terpenning of the Division of Geriatric Medicine at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor looks at this issue in greater detail. From her research, there is a correlation between dental hygienic factors and pneumonia. Poor oral hygiene stems from a variety of local and systemic illnesses, including local abscess formation, rapid spread of infection through facial planes, and infective endocarditis. The risk of aspiration pneumonia is greatest when periodontal disease, dental caries, and poor oral hygiene occur in addition to swallowing disease, feeding problems, and poor functional status. Terpenning argues that there is a crucial need for intervention. Because aspiration pneumonia is a very costly illness for older patients in nursing homes, she argues that simple procedures, such as having designated personnel perform oral care, teaching the residents how to be compliant with their oral health care, and the choice of oral health care itself is vital for nursing home residents to prevent illnesses such as this.  Read More »

Professional Journal Articles

Link Between Hair Disorders and Susceptibility to Dental Caries

Did you know that hair and teeth share similar developmental mechanisms? Although the hair shaft is essentially made of keratin filaments while tooth enamel is primarily composed of enamel proteins, researchers from the International & American Associations for Dental Research have found a link between hair disorders and dental caries. Functional impact of hair keratin mutations on the structural and mechanical properties of tooth enamel was assessed on extracted teeth using transmission and scanning electron microscopy, micro-computed tomography and micro-hardness testing. According to the study, the researchers determined that epithelial hair keratins are very important to tooth enamel and damaged keratins can increase the risk for dental defects and caries.  Read More »

Professional Journal Articles

Brain Mechanisms and Dental Pain Relief

Michael L. Meier of the International & American Associations for Dental Research recently conducted a study to investigate brain activity and the functional connectivity patterns when subjects are influenced by local anesthesia. Read More »

Professional Journal Articles

Health and Human Services

Health and Human Services award $295 million in Affordable Care Act funds to 1,195 health centers in the United States to increase access to care. The funding allows for an expansion of care including oral health, pharmacy, and vision services. The award will help an estimated 1.5 million new patients with 137,000 being oral health patients.  Read More »

Professional Journal Articles

Differences in Self-Reported Oral Health Among Community-Dwelling Black, Hispanic, and White Elders

A study was conducted to compare the differences in self-rated oral health among Black, Hispanic, and White community-dwelling older adults. Oral health status was self-reported using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The findings of the study found that Blacks and Hispanics reported poorer self-rated oral health than Whites. These results may provide significant implications for the development of health policy and programs, especially those designed for minority populations. Bei Wu et. al. Published March 2011 in the Journal of Aging and Health. Read More »

Professional Journal Articles

Enhanced Dental Care for Veterans Act of 2014

H.R. 5022- Enhanced Dental Care for Veterans Act of 2014 close proximity to an active duty military location, areas in different geographic locations are considered. The dental services and treatment to veterans within the pilot program will be consistent to On July 8th, 2014 congressmen Juan Vargas introduced a bill that addressed the limited access to dental care for veterans. The bill, H.R. 5022, Enhanced Dental Care for Veterans Act of 2014 is to improve dental care for veterans. The bill provides a pilot program for the dental care for veterans. The pilot will evaluate the need and practicality of providing dental care to veterans who are not eligible for dental services and treatment under the current regulations. The pilot will be implemented in a variety of Veteran Affairs dental clinics, medical centers that can host dental clinics, community-based outpatient clinics, federally qualified health centers and Indian Health Service facilities. When selecting the venues specifics areas such as, rural areas, areas that are not in disabled veterans currently enrolled in federal dental care programs.  Read More »